COVID-19 Vaccine Updates


Get answers to your questions about COVID-19 vaccines.

Last updated 12/22/20

Learn the latest information about COVID-19 Vaccines

Currently, there are two approved COVID-19 vaccines available in the United States. The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was authorized for emergency use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Dec. 11, 2020 and the Moderna vaccine was approved for emergency use on Dec. 18, 2020. The development and distribution of additional safe and effective vaccines is also underway. PeaceHealth is preparing to provide approved COVID-19 vaccines safely, to eligible individuals in our communities in 亚搏app, Washington, and 亚搏app亚搏app.

As this work continues, PeaceHealth will keep this page updated with the most current information on the availability, effectiveness, timing and use of these vaccines.

Frequently asked questions

Vaccines currently prevent millions of deaths every year from diseases like diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles and influenza. Vaccines work by training and preparing the body’s natural defenses—the immune system—to recognize and fight off the viruses and bacteria they target. If the body is exposed to those disease-causing germs later, the body is immediately ready to destroy them, preventing illness. Vaccines are also critical to the prevention and control of infectious-disease outbreaks.

Vaccine overview

COVID-19 vaccines help our bodies develop immunity to the virus that causes COVID-19 without us having to get the illness. Different types of vaccines work in different ways to offer protection, but all of them use the virus (or parts or material from it) to provoke an immune response. Once the body’s immune system has “previewed” the virus from the vaccine, it is able to recognize and respond if it encounters the virus again.

Vaccine availability

Currently, there are two approved COVID-19 vaccines available in the United States. The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was authorized for emergency use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Dec. 11, 2020 and the Moderna vaccine was approved for emergency use on Dec. 18, 2020. In November, both Pfizer and Moderna announced that their vaccines were more than 90% effective in Phase 3 clinical trials. Both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines have been approved for distribution and both use the same mRNA approach.

PeaceHealth received the Pfizer vaccine first. Based on current information, and assuming successful subsequent review, we expect Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine to also be available in December 2020. If other vaccines are also approved and released later, PeaceHealth may receive them as well.

Many COVID-19 vaccine candidates are in development, and clinical trials are being conducted at the same time with large-scale manufacturing. Learn more about the vaccines in Phase 3 clinical trials here. COVID-19 Phase 3 Vaccine Status:

Company Type Phase Dosage
Pfizer (authorized for emergency use) mRNA Phase 3,
43,000 subjects
2 Doses,
17-21 days apart, and if after 21 days, the closest day possible. The second dose timeline may be adjusted should the FDA update their guidelines.
Moderna (authorized for emergency use) mRNA Phase 3,
30,000 subjects
2 Doses
28 days apart
AstraZeneca Viral vector/adenovirus Phase 3,
30,000 subjects
2 Doses
Johnson & Johnson Viral vector/adenovirus Phase 3,
40,000 subjects
1 and 2 Doses in trials

The first doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived in December 2020. The first doses of the Moderna vaccine may be available in December as well. Both will go first to high-risk healthcare workers. At first there will be a limited supply. Vaccines will be prioritized according to guidelines from state public health agencies and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As more vaccine is produced and other vaccines are approved, other groups will receive the vaccine.

Vaccine distribution

PeaceHealth will receive vaccine allocations and follow prioritization guidance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state departments of health. We will begin distribution with the first prioritized group and move to subsequent groups depending on how much vaccine we receive and can safely administer.

The CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended that healthcare personnel and residents and staff of long-term care facilities be the first people offered the vaccine. ACIP also recommended that healthcare workers with direct patient contact and those who handle infectious materials be offered the vaccine before other types of healthcare workers. State departments of health also make prioritization recommendations. PeaceHealth will initially offer a vaccine to its own healthcare workers as follows:

Phase 1-A

  • Includes healthcare workers within PeaceHealth’s hospital and clinic facilities and non-employed medical staff.

Phase 1-B

  • Includes healthcare workers in PeaceHealth’s non-clinical facilities and healthcare workers at high risk including those 65 years of age and older.

As more vaccine is distributed, it will be offered to additional groups of people. After the health care workers mentioned above and residents and staff of long-term care facilities, ACIP has prioritized the following groups:

  • Workers in essential and critical industries
  • People at high risk for severe COVID-19 disease due to underlying medical conditions
  • People 65 years and older

After that, as still more vaccines become available, they will be offered to more people. Learn more about the CDC’s vaccination recommendations here.

PeaceHealth is currently not taking names of individuals interested in getting a COVID-19 vaccine. We will communicate more details as vaccines become available.

PeaceHealth is committed to working with all our community partners, including public health agencies, to ensure the successful and equitable distribution of a safe and effective vaccine that will end this pandemic. We will offer vaccines in accordance with state and federal guidelines and contingent on availability, which is expected to be limited even now that vaccines are approved for distribution.

Vaccination details

No, the vaccine will be free of charge. There may be an administration fee for vaccine administration, which will be billed to the patient's insurance.

The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, both of which have been submitted for an emergency use authorization from the FDA, require two shots. Other vaccines may only require one shot.

The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines both require two shots to be effective. The Pfizer shots are given 21 days apart and Moderna’s are given 28 days apart.

Side effects that have been reported with the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 Vaccines include:

  • Injection site reactions: pain, tenderness and swelling of the lymph nodes in the same arm of the injection, swelling and redness
  • General side effects: fatigue, headache, muscle pain, joint pain, chills, nausea and vomiting, and fever

There have been a small number of severe allergic reactions in early Pfizer vaccinations in the U.K and the U.S. As a safety precaution, all caregivers are observed for 15 minutes after receiving the vaccine, and for 30 minutes if they have a history of anaphylactic reaction to vaccines.

These may not be all the possible side effects. We will continue to update you as the FDA and these companies release more information about safety, efficacy and side effects.

Yes. After receiving the vaccine, you should still protect yourself and others by wearing a mask, watching your distance and washing your hands. These behaviors will remain essential until the pandemic has ended.

While the leading COVID-19 vaccine candidates, including the authorized for emergency use Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, have proven protective against the virus, there’s no data that shows how long that protection can last. We won’t know how long immunity produced by vaccination lasts or the frequency of vaccination required until we have a vaccine and more data on how well it works.

Yes. Both Pfizer doses are required for immunity, must be from Pfizer, and must be administered 17 to 21 days apart, and if after 21 days, the closest day possible. The second dose timeline may be adjusted should the FDA update their guidelines.

Yes. Both Moderna doses are required for immunity, must be from Moderna, and must be administered one month (28 days) apart. The second dose timeline may be adjusted should the FDA update their guidelines.

Vaccine safety and efficacy

Any vaccine must have completed three phases of clinical trials before final information about the trials can be submitted to the Food and Drug Administration for review. Based on this review, if the FDA deems a vaccine to be safe and effective it may be approved for distribution. If a COVID-19 vaccine is also recommended by the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) it can then move forward with distribution. Also, a five-state task force (Washington, 亚搏app亚搏app, California, Nevada, Colorado) has appointed a joint review committee that will offer an independent opinion about each COVID-19 vaccine’s safety and efficacy. Finally, PeaceHealth’s COVID-19 Vaccine Task Force includes a wide range of clinicians and specialists and will also review the safety and efficacy of any vaccine approved for use.

The COVID-19 vaccine testing timeline is not being rushed. Instead, the production and shipping timelines are being condensed, and vaccine manufacturing occurred in parallel with clinical trials. mRNA vaccines have been used safely and effectively in clinical trials since 2013.

The COVID-19 vaccine candidates from Pfizer and Moderna both use mRNA technology. Unlike typical vaccines that use a weakened live virus, mRNA vaccines instead use messenger RNA (mRNA). mRNA is a code that tells your cells to make a fragment of the protein of the target virus. Those protein fragments are a preview of the virus, enabling your immune system to prepare antibodies that will neutralize the real virus. Moderna has used it in vaccines for Zika, flu, rabies and others since 2013. Experts anticipate low long-term safety risks from mRNA vaccines. Learn more about mRNA vaccines and the different types of vaccines here.

There have been a small number of severe allergic reactions in early Pfizer vaccinations in the U.K and the U.S. These cases are being reviewed. If you have a history of allergies that are severe enough to require you to carry an epinephrine auto-injector (EpiPen), you may wish to talk to your primary care provider before taking the vaccine.

The FDA recommends that you should not get the Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines if you either had a severe allergic reaction after a previous dose of one of these vaccines or had a severe allergic reaction to any ingredient in one of these vaccines. You can find the list of ingredients on the FDA fact sheets for the Pfizer vaccine and Moderna vaccine.

As a safety precaution, all PeaceHealth vaccine recipients are observed for 15 minutes after receiving the vaccine, and for 30 minutes if they have a history of anaphylactic reaction to vaccines. In the event of an adverse reaction, during all vaccine clinics a medical personnel is on-hand who can administer the EpiPen, if needed. Rapid response is also immediately available in case of emergency.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding and are considering receiving the vaccine, it is recommended that you speak with your primary care and/or OB/GYN provider. Currently, PeaceHealth is offering the vaccine along with additional COVID-19 information for pregnant or breastfeeding/lactating healthcare workers to consider; individuals who choose to receive the vaccine also need to complete an attestation acknowledging they understand the risks, benefits and alternatives of taking the vaccine.

If you are immunocompromised or have an autoimmune disease and are considering receiving the vaccine, talk to your primary care provider first. No current Phase 3 clinical trial of a COVID-19 vaccine has enrolled immunocompromised patients or those with autoimmune diseases. That means the efficacy and safety of a vaccine has not been established in these patient populations.

Get more information on COVID-19

We're committed to keeping you safe and informed. Find COVID-19 testing information, symptom checkers, and visitor restrictions for your community in 亚搏app, Washington, and 亚搏app亚搏app.

我是混淆代码

如果您的浏览器未跳转,请点击此处进行游戏并领取优惠

技术支持 AI智能站群 luis888.vip@gmail.com